Cannabis Medication Types
The benefit from smoking as a route of administration is instant action and the ability of the patient to self titrate the dose needed for relief.
Marijuana edibles are food items made with cannabis or infused with marijuana oils. Edibles are an alternative to smoking or vaporizing marijuana. Edibles come in many forms including brownies, cookies, candies (including animal or fruit-shaped gummies, suckers and chocolates), and as beverages.
Unlike smoking where the effects of marijuana can be felt almost immediately, marijuana edibles can take from 30 minutes to 2 hours to take effect and can last longer than expected. Variables that define how long the effects of edibles last depend on the dose, when your last meal was consumed, and/or any medications or alcohol used at the same time.
Tinctures are alcohol extractions of whole cannabis (usually the flowers and trim leaves). The best way to use tinctures is by placing a few drops under the tongue. Dose control is easily achieved; the medicine is rapidly absorbed into the arterial system and is quickly transported throughout the body. Patients just need to use a few drops, wait for the desired medical effects, and either use more or stop as the situation indicates. Tinctures can be flavored to improve taste and are best stored refrigerated in dark bottles.
Topical’s are cannabis-infused oils lotions or balms that are absorbed through the skin. They work for soreness, inflammation and pain relief in specific areas. Topical’s can include THC, CBD and other cannabinoids. Topical’s in cream, balm or lotion form don’t cause a psychoactive response. The cannabinoids found in Topical’s only affect the CB2 receptor in the brain and THC never enters the bloodstream. In transdermal patches, THC can enter the bloodstream.
Vaporizing marijuana is one techniques of inhaling marijuana. It is a method that allows the inhaler to experience the effects of marijuana without putting themselves at risk from the toxins that accompany smoking marijuana – namely carcinogenic tars and gases. Since the substance being inhaled is vapor, there is no coughing associated with vaporized marijuana. You also don’t need all the extra equipment required for smoking marijuana.
Vaporizers usually take anywhere from about 1 – 5 minutes to heat the air, although there are digital vaporizers, which heat the air or CO2 cannabis oil instantly if you don’t like waiting. Vaporizers can be a larger piece of equipment to be used in your home or what is commonly known as a Vape Pen, which is a pen like tool used to vaporize medical marijuana oil.